三立独家大揭秘 新SAT改革北美首考AB卷
孤灯长巷 2017-04-25     18:07 来源: 三立整理
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摘要:自SAT传出改革的消息后,业内各种猜测声就不绝于耳。本着追本溯源的学术态度,三立教育此次派出十多位老师奔赴美国,希冀为同学们带来更多更详实的一手信息。随着首考落下帷幕,新SAT的面纱随之揭开。
三立独家大揭秘 新SAT改革北美首考AB卷
首先说说考场。3月第一场北美本土的考试,和以往3月美国本土考试非常少量的考生相比,此次考场的考生人数相当多。和往次考试不同的还有:考场的admission check-in显得更加严格。拒绝了所有不在roster上名单的考生standby,所以必须是正常报名的同个考点同次考试。(往年考试的standby可以用考场不同或者是不同月份的admission ticket,并且一般都可以正常考试,但这次3月不行)。据考点考官说明,CB为了第一次考试的成绩可以正常反应学生在人群中的学术表现能力,所以对3月考生经过严格控制,并且要积累5月考试样本来决定评分标准。因此,考场外,很多想要standby的学生被拒之门外。据考点人员介绍,如果考点违反此次CB对于考生的规定的话,考点将被CB取消主办SAT考试的资格。在经历了老SAT各种不严谨之后,新SAT考场做法让我们对CB恢复了信心。

考情内容分析A卷回顾

3月北美本土新sat首考出现了2套试题。根据目前统计,除了弗罗里达州考了B卷,绝大部份北美考生考的是A卷。AB卷除了写作部分完全一样,阅读语法和数学都完全不同。然而,虽然内容不同但考生普遍反映难度和OG比较一致,与老SAT相比,新SAT阅读相对比较简单。甚至根据2015年下半年考过PSAT的学生反映,新SAT首考难度比PSAT更简单一些。
1)此次考试反应出时间的掌控对新SAT的提分是个关键。如何根据题材使用不同阅读方法把握文章和提高解题速度是新SAT阅读的核心。不少优秀的学生反应因为最后一篇阅读时间太敢所以“随便选了几个答案”。
2)自然科学的文章的确会难度越来越大。自然科学的文章和原来老SAT的阅读差异比较大,本次考试很多学霸纷纷反映没有怎么看懂A卷地质学题材和B卷大脑与记忆的自然科学文章。根据多方样题的经验,自然科学文章难绝非偶然,而是新SAT冲高分的一道决定性门槛。三立将针对这一难点,提高自然科学文章的训练强度,针对性攻克帮考生攻克这一难题。
3)寻证题(evidence-based question)较OG样题比例略少。经后的考试比例是否会增减,有待将来几次考试的观察。
第一篇还是小说,讲述Queen of Romance Comics(漫画女王)Rosa Saxon小姐的一篇传记,RS原本是家庭主妇,儿子上学后变得无所事事。在杂志社(goldstar)新上任的丈夫因为杂志社缺少好的漫画家,让RS在家帮忙画漫画,RS非常入迷喜欢,很快超越了杂志社最高水平的漫画家。从此慢慢成名,杂志社想吸引女性作者邀请了RS写稿画稿作为女性漫画家启动一个“young romance”的项目。RS虽然事业非常成功,却也因此疏远了丈夫,丈夫离开她后,她在抽屉里找到几张没有用过的百脑汇票,觉得有些失落。文章一开篇就是丈夫给Rosa电话说要回来。所以文章最后讲到RS的事业增进了夫妻的感情,使两人变成了同事伙伴夫妻关系。
原文:
ROSE Saxon, the Queen of Romance Comics, was at her drawing board in the garage of her house in Bloomtown, New York, when her husband phoned from the city to say that, if it was all right with her, he would be bringing home the love of her life, whom she had all but given up for dead.
Miss Saxon was at work on the text of a new story, which she intended to begin laying out that night, after her son went to bed. It would be the lead story for the June issue of Kiss Comics. She planned to call it "The Bomb Destroyed My Marriage." The story would be based on an article that she had read in Redbook about the humorous difficulties of being married to a nuclear physicist employed by the government at a top-secret facility in the middle of the New Mexico desert. She was not writing so much as planning out her panels, one by one, at the typewriter. Over the years, Sammy's scripts had grown no less detailed but looser; he never bothered with telling an artist what to draw. Rosa couldn't operate that way; she hated working from Sammy's scripts. She needed to have everything figured out in advance-storyboarded, they called it in Hollywood-shot by shot, as it were. Her scripts were a tightly numbered series of master shots, the shooting scripts for ten-cent epics that, in their sparse elegance of design, elongated perspectives, and deep focus, somewhat resemble, as Robert C. Harvey has pointed out, the films of Douglas Sirk. She worked at a bulky Smith-Corona, typing with such intense slowness that when her boss and husband called, she did not at first hear the ringing phone.
Rosa had gotten her start in comics soon after Sammy's return to the business, after the war. Upon taking over the editor's desk at Gold Star, Sammy's first move had been to clear out many of the subcompetents and alcoholics who littered the staff there. It was a bold and necessary-step, but it left him with an acute shortage of artists, in particular of inkers.
Tommy had started kindergarten, and Rosa was just beginning to understand the true horror of her destiny, the arrant purposelessness of her life whenever her son was not around, one day when Sammy came home at lunch, harried and frantic, with an armload of Bristol board, a bottle of Higgins ink, and a bunch of #3 brushes, and begged Rosa to help him by doing what she could. She had stayed up all night with the pages-it was some dreadful Gold Star superhero strip, The Human Grenade or The Phantom Stallion-and had the job finished by the time Sammy left for work the next morning. The reign of the Queen had commenced.
Rose Saxon had emerged slowly, lending her ink brush at first only now and then, unsigned and uncredited, to a story or a cover that she would spread out on the dinette table in the kitchen. Rosa had always had a steady hand, a strong line, a good sense of shadow. It was work done in a kind of unreflective crisis mode-whenever Sammy was in a jam or shorthanded-but after a while, she realized that she had begun to crave intensely the days when Sammy had something for her to do.
Then one night, as they lay in bed, talking in the dark, Sammy told her that her brushwork already far exceeded that of the best people he could afford to hire at lowly Gold Star. He asked her if she had ever given any thought to penciling; to layouts; to actually writing and drawing comic book stories. He explained to her that Simon and Kirby were just then having considerable success with a new kind of feature they'd cooked up, based partly on teen features like Archie and A Date with Judy and partly on the old true-romance pulps (the last of the old pulp genres to be exhumed and given new life in the comics). It was called Young Romance. It was aimed at women, and the stories it told were centered on women. Women had been neglected until now as readers of comic books; it seemed to Sammy that they might enjoy one that had actually been written and drawn by one of their own. Rosa had accepted Sammy's proposal at once, with a flush of gratitude whose power was undiminished even now.
She knew what it had meant to Sammy to return to comics and take the editor's job at Gold Star. It was the one moment in the course of a long and interesting marriage when Sammy had stood on the point of following his cousin into the world of men who escaped. He had sworn, screamed, said hateful things to Rosa. He had blamed her for his penury and his debased condition and the interminable state of American Disillusionment. If there were not a wife and a child for him to support, a child not even his own… He had gone so far as to pack a suitcase, and walk out of the house. When he returned the next afternoon, it was as the editor in chief of Gold Star Publications, Inc. He allowed the world to wind him in the final set of chains, and climbed, once and for all, into the cabinet of mysteries that was the life of an ordinary man. He had stayed. Years later, Rosa found a ticket in a dresser drawer, dating from around that terrible time, for a seat in a second-class compartment on the Broadway Limited: yet another train to the coast that Sammy had not been on.
The night he offered her the chance to draw "a comic book for dollies," Rosa felt, Sammy had handed her a golden key, a skeleton key to her self, a way out of the tedium of her existence as a housewife and a mother, first in Midwood and now here in Bloomtown, soi-disant Capital of the American Dream. That enduring sense of gratitude to Sammy was one of the sustaining forces of their life together, something she could turn to and summon up, grip like Tom Mayflower gripping his talisman key, whenever things started to go wrong. And the truth was that their marriage had improved after she went to work for Sammy. It no longer seemed (to mistranslate) quite as blank. They became colleagues, coworkers, partners in an unequal but well-defined way that made it easier to avoid looking too closely at the locked cabinet at the heart of things.

第二篇:长对比,分别都讲述了Strike(罢工)的现象,关系是互补的,第一篇是一个罢工代表给一个工厂的一封信,语言相较第二篇来说偏难,修辞手法较多,第二篇从一个客观的角度分析了表达了同一个观点。
第三篇:社会科学,较简单,话题是Fat Percentage和baby brain growth的关系伴随有相对较简单的图表题。
第四篇:社会科学,较简单,讲述了概念hindsight bias(事后偏见),也伴随有图表题,本文用了两个实验来证明事后偏见来做评判是不客观和公正的。
最后一篇是自然科学,讲述一个现象叫Subduction(指一个地壳板块下降到另一个板块下的过程)和火山熔岩Lava的关系。考生普遍反映非常难,因为时间和题量的关系,最后一篇不仅难懂而且时间紧张非常赶。
个别考生反映数学一开始很简单,但是后面不用计算器的部分比较难。 部分学生甚至需要跨区,用计算器的部分来补足不用计算器的部分。
写作部分主题是franklin project,原文:
Here is the sentence in the Declaration of Independence we always remember: “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.”

And here is the sentence we often forget: “And for the support of this Declaration, with a firm reliance on the protection of Divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our Lives, our Fortunes and our Sacred Honor.”

This, the very last sentence of the document, is what makes the better-remembered sentence possible. One speaks of our rights. The other addresses our obligations. The freedoms we cherish are self-evident but not self-executing. The Founders pledge something “to each other,” the commonly overlooked clause in the Declaration’s final pronouncement.

We find ourselves, 237 years after the Founders declared us a new nation, in a season of discontent, even surliness, about the experiment they launched. We are sharply divided over the very meaning of our founding documents, and we are more likely to invoke the word “we” in the context of “us versus them” than in the more capacious sense that includes every single American.

There are no quick fixes to our sense of disconnection, but there may be a way to restore our sense of what we owe each other across the lines of class, race, background — and, yes, politics and ideology.

Last week, the Aspen Institute gathered a politically diverse group of Americans under the banner of the “Franklin Project,” named after Ben, to declare a commitment to offering every American between the ages of 18 and 28 a chance to give a year of service to the country. The opportunities would include service in our armed forces but also time spent educating our fellow citizens, bringing them health care and preventive services, working with the least advantaged among us, and conserving our environment.

Service would not be compulsory, but it would be an expectation. And it just might become part of who we are.

The call for universal, voluntary service is being championed by retired U.S. Army Gen. Stanley McChrystal, in league with two of the country’s foremost advocates of the cause, John Bridgeland, who served in the George W. Bush administration, and Alan Khazei, co-founder of City Year, one of the nation’s most formidable volunteer groups. The trio testifies to the non-ideological and nonpartisan nature of this cause, as did a column last week endorsing the idea from Michael Gerson, my conservative Post colleague.

“We’ve a remarkable opportunity now,” McChrystal says, “to move with the American people away from an easy citizenship that does not ask something from every American yet asks a lot from a tiny few.” We do, indeed, owe something to our country, and we owe an enormous debt to those who have done tour after tour in Iraq and Afghanistan.

McChrystal sees universal service as transformative. “It will change how we think about America and how we think about ourselves,” he says. And as a former leader of an all-volunteer Army, he scoffs at the idea that giving young Americans a stipend while they serve amounts to “paid volunteerism,” the phrase typically invoked by critics of service programs. “If you try to rely on unpaid volunteerism,” he said, “then you limit the people who can do it. . . .I’d like the people from Scarsdale to be paid the same as the people from East L.A.”

There are real challenges here. Creating the estimated 1 million service slots required to make the prospect of service truly universal will take money, from government and private philanthropy. Service, as McChrystal says, cannot just be a nice thing that well-off kids do when they get out of college. It has to draw in the least advantaged young Americans. In the process, it could open new avenues for social mobility, something the military has done for so many in the past.

Who knows whether the universal expectation of service would change the country as much as McChrystal hopes. But we have precious few institutions reminding us to join the Founders in pledging something to each other. We could begin by debating this proposal in a way that frees us from the poisonous assumption that even an idea involving service to others must be part of some hidden political agenda. The agenda here is entirely open. It’s based on the belief that certain unalienable rights entail certain unavoidable responsibilities.


考情内容分析B卷回顾


第一篇:小说。意识流行文,讲一个人在餐馆看书看得很入迷然后来了好几个人很吵,这个人突然发现他爸的外套,说明他爸进来过但他不知道。
第二篇:长对比文。讲女权主义,对比文的第二篇反驳第一篇。
第三篇:自然科学。主题是农业,有机和化学农业的议论文。最后一篇讲了一个关于大脑发展与记忆的研究。
数学部分,有几名未到托福90分的几名学生反应,有个别难题,虽然时间有剩余但仍然不知如何解答;但普遍考生觉得难度虽然较老SAT而言“比较难”,但“时间充裕,题目简单”。
写作部分和A卷相同。

以上为三立教育精英教学团队赴美获取的第一手资料中的一部分,更多考情信息、原文解读、考试趋势详解和备考方案请关注3月11日上海三立教育考情分享会。
留学新闻动态上海三立教育资讯最新留学资讯 本文由 @孤灯长巷 原创发布于三立在线教育。未经许可,禁止转载。

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